Toxicants & Fumigants
Toxicant–substance used to poison a problem animal, typically through ingestion.
Fumigant–gas used to poison a nuisance animal as it breathes.
General Use Pesticides (GUP) may be purchased over-the-counter.
Restricted Use Pesticided (RUP) require a pesticide applicator’s license to purchase and use.
Secondary poisoning-Injury to an organism that ate the animal that was poisoned originally.
Facts about Pesticides
- No one can guarantee where a poisoned animal will die.
- No pesticide can be called “SAFE”. You can only use pesticides more safely or less safely.
- Most negative incidents with toxicants and fumigants occur because the applicator failed to follow the instructions on the label.
1. Phosphine Gas
- Phostoxin–Pestcon Systems & Degesch America
- Fumigation Management Plan (FMP) is required when using this product.
2. Charcoal-Potassium Nitrate
|First Generation||Active Ingredient||Feeding|
|Active Ingredient||Feeding||Mode of Action|
|Bromethalin||Interferes with the animal’s nervous system|
|Cholecalciferol||Interferes with calicum|
Bait Station Use— Univ. of Nebraska-Lincoln
Resources on Anticoagulant Toxicants–New Zealand Govt. Publication
Toxicant Risks—Univ. of Arizona