Fencing--excluding deer with high or electrified fences;
electrified fencing for deer. Photo
by Dallas Virchow.
panels and nettings
can be used to exclude deer, elk and
pronghorn from stacked hay. Multiple stacks can be kept in "yards" by
similar perimeter fencing.
Protect tree growth by using Vexar and Tubex tree shelters, which are more expensive,
but also will be much more effective. See our vendors. Additional information can be found in the publications section below.
Predator Urines--Coyote and other predator
urines may be sold as deer repellents. Buyer beware. Research with
these products is limited. (if you have research please let us know
Non-Chemical Repellents--frighten deer by pyrotechnics,
exploders; or guard dogs.
Chemical repellents-- can be helpful in reducing damage.
However, they are rarely 100% effective and require reapplication.
Dominant Buck Urine: There is no evidence that urine from large, old, bucks will keep bucks away from trees so as to prevent their being scraped or fed upon. Deer are not very territorial. In fact, they are quite social. So spraying deer urine could actually encourage deer, particularly females, to visit your area.
Description: Most common formulations involve whole or
putrescent eggs, capsaicin (hot pepper), garlic, nicotine, or ammoniacal
soaps. Photo Credits: Dallas Virchow
Trapping often used by researchers. Rarely used as a population
Shooting can be a very effective method in controlling deer
populations in rural and semi-rural areas.
Shooting--shotgun or rifle.
Traditional hunting season or "special season" using volunteers who own proper permits.
Sharp shooter-usually paid
Bow Hunting--can be particularly useful in more urbanized areas where firearms are inadvisable.
Researchers are working on techniques to control deer populations through contraceptive means. They remain expensive and often only applicable in selective areas which are geographically isolated, such as islands and fenced areas.
Deer have been implicated in carrying ticks that cause Lyme disease. Note the image to the right. It is a lonestar nymph on someone's finger. (Photo by Daniel Gilrein of Cornell University). If nothing else, this image should convince everyone of the need to protect themselves as ticks can be quite small and difficult to feel and see!
Deer cause millions of dollars of damage to motor vehicles every year, including human deaths. Deer Strike Description: shows deer soon after collision with vehicle Photo Credits: Kevin Clark
Rabies: although rare, deer have been known to contract the disease. One was found in Stamford, CT in the Summer of 2005. Source--Connecticut Wildlife
Sept/Oct. 2006. p. 17.
These links are comprised of pages dedicated to providing more information on the biology and control of deer. Before initiating any deer control measures be sure to check with appropriate federal and state agencies. Links to those agencies can be found in the navigation bar above.