species of snakes with bony tails which "rattle" when vigorously shook.
- Cold blooded--they become less active in colder weather
- Sightings--many times rattlesnakes are observed
- Audible--once you hear the rattle noise, you won't forget it
- Psychological--many people are deathly afraid of snakes, whether
venomous or not.
- Venom--rattlesnakes can harm humans, livestock and pets through
their bites. Although a 1/3 of rattlesnake bites lack venom, the
puncture can introduce bacteria causing infection.
Rattlesnake Control Methods
- Exclusion: snakes don't gnaw into buildings.
They can only exploit an opening that is already present.
- seal openings or use mesh fence of 1/4 inch;
- install a fence barrier around an area you wish to keep
snake free. 3 ft. high 1/4 inch mesh fence buried to 3 inches; Click for
- Reduce snake friendly habitat:
- mow or remove vegetation
- remove debris, rock & woodpiles,
- reduce rodent prey
- Several products are on the market. However, evidence supporting
their effectiveness has had mixed results.
- Several glue-based traps are on the market. These are very
effective in capturing snakes and allow for release as well.
Trapping is only effective if the weather is warm enough for snake
movement and if traps are properly located.
capture noose trap Description: Used for jawed snakes. Design by W.E.
Howard. Large box traps are also used. Photo Credits: Dallas Virchow
- Indoors--if looking for a snake inside a structure, concentrate
attention around heat sources like the water heater, furnace,
- Outdoors--focus your search where snakes can hide, such as under
rock and wood piles, leaves, etc. Be sure to wear protect foot, leg
Snake tongs can be very helpful when needing to handle snakes as
Description: shows man holding snake within tongs at
distance Photo Credits: Wes Patrick
Snake Handling Equipment (Right image) Description: Shows gloves and snake tongs
used by Dave Purwin, NUWCO Photo Credits: DavePurwin, Desert
Wildlife Services, Inc.
Health and Safety with Rattlesnakes
Q. Is dried venom still dangerous?
A. If you injected enough dry venom into an animal it would give a
reaction. However dry venom is usually "stuck" to a surface/material.
Some venom components start to break down immediately in the air and
sunlight. Let's put it this way -- your risk is very small. However, err
on the safe side. Treat it as dangerous.