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National Wildlife Control Training Program vol. 1.

Mountain Lion Control

Scientific Name : Felis concolor Mountain lion. Photo by Nebraska Game & Parks




  • Damage kill sheep, goats, horses, cattle, pigs, poultry and free-ranging pets;
  • Safety hazard to humans

legal issues with mountain lions Legal

Cougars are protected throughout their range. Consult your state's game department before performing any control of cougars.

Control Methods

Habitat Modification

  • Tall fencing can exclude these cats but is very expensive.

Frightening Devices

  • Large dogs


  • Capsaiscin sprays may provide some personal protection


  • Snares, footholds and box traps are effective in capturing cougars provided users have enough patience.


  • Use of tracking dogs significantly improves hunting success.
  • Wildlife calls can also be employed to lure big cats toward the hunter.


  • None known



  • Cougars are not known to be a significant disease threat to humans or livestock.
  • Cougars are a threat to humans and have been known to attack them.
  • Carry a stick with you while hiking.
  • Regularly look behind you to see if you are being stalked.

Living With Mountain Lions

  • Don't feed them.
  • Avoid walking in mountain lion country during dusk and dawn hours.
  • Stay in the open where you have clear lines of vision.
  • Carry a strong walking stick or (if you have appropriate training, sidearm such as a .357 magnum).
  • Keep children, 10 years old or younger, within arm's reach at all times, while in cougar country.

Publications & Resources


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