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National Wildlife Control Training Program vol. 1.

Grizzly Bear Control

Supplemental Information  Brown bear profile picture by ICWDM
Scientific Name: Ursus arctos



  • Diet: omnivorous, eating almost anything from berries, corn, acorns, beechnuts, or even grass to table scraps, carrion, honey and insects.

    Intelligent and curious:

    Size: Adults usually weigh from 200 to 600 pounds, with rare individuals weighing up to 800 pounds. An adult male normally weighs more than an adult female, sometimes twice as much.

    Activity: Bears may be on the move at anytime, but they're usually most active during evening and morning hours.


Toe Pad Marks on Hind Feet 5 (sometimes 4)

Heel Pad Marks Hindfeet: 7 to 9 inches (180-230 mm) long and 5 inches (125 mm) wide

bear rear paw print by ICWDMSize of Front Feet 4 inches (100mm

Claw Marks Occasionally

Hindprints look human-like.

Stride length of 1 (300 mm) to 3 feet (900 mm).









Bear Damage

Bear tree scrape by National Wildlife Research Center

Bear scrape on tree Photo Credits: USDA-Nat'l Wildlife Research Center

  • Beehives,
  • garbage dumps, trash cans,
  • bird feeders,
  • kill livestock,
  • trees,
  • trample crops, and
  • occasionally kill humans.


Bear Damage Control

Habitat Modification

  • Remove food sources--bears have tremendous caloric needs. They will raid bird feeders, trash cans, even break into homes and vehicles in search of food. Problems can be severe when wild food sources become scarce.
  • Electric fences have proven effective in protecting beehives.



  • Hazing--efficacy of rubber bullets are being investigated.
  • Capscaisin spray.


  • Bears are usually hunted with the assistance of dogs.



Toxicants & Fumigants

  • None available


Bears are considered game animals and/or protected species throughout their range.

Disease & Safety

  • Grizzly bears are more aggressive than blackbears and are a much greater threat to human health and safety.

Living with Bears

Video Series: Produced in cooperation with Safety in Bear Country Society.

University Publications

These links are comprised of pages dedicated to providing more information on the biology and control of bears in all their varieties. Before initiating any bear control measures be sure to check with appropriate federal and state agencies. Links to those agencies can be found in the navigation bar above. 

Black Bear Management-- Mississippi State University 

Black Bears-- Penn State University

Managing Bear Damage to Beehives-- Colorado State University 

Managing Black Bears--Virginia Polytech 

Herrero, Steve. 2002. "Bear Attacks: Their Causes and Avoidance" (Revised ed) The Lyons Press, Guilford, CT.


Mar 22, 2007. Yellowstone Grizzlies no longer threatened. USA Today.

Mar 9, 2007. NJ Courts dabble in bear management. The Outdoor Wire.

July 25, 2006. Triathlete hits Bear in Colorado. CBS

May 24, 2006. Woman attacked by bear. The Star Beacon, Ohio.

April 14, 2006. 6 yr old. Killed by Bear. ABCNews.

Bear Related Websites

Get Bear Smart-A site dedicated to non-lethal management of bear problems through hazing and public education.

Bear Aware--MT Fish and Game Dept. Information on black bears and grizzly bears.

Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee--Federal and State Collaborative Organization dedicated to preserving and managing grizzly bears.





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