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National Wildlife Control Training Program vol. 1.

Domestic Dog Control

Scientific Name: Canis familiaris

Biology

The difference between a feral dog and non-feral dog can be quite difficult to establish. It often depends on one's definition. The term "feral" is often used to designate domesticated species of animals that have gone "wild". Unfortunately, too many pet owners think their pets are fine even though the pet may be ravaging wildlife or farm animals.  The failure of countries to establish tough leash laws for dogs and cats is truly sad.

Signs

Toe Pad Marks on Hind Feet Four

Heel Pad Marks May triangular with apex forward and bi-lobed at rear.

Size of Front Feet Varies consider

Claw Marks? Yes

Comments About Tracks Domestic dog prints may have splayed toe placement within track while coyote, foxes, and wolves, have two center toe pads less splayed. Claw marks usually more distinct than in coyote. Coyote killed lamb. Photo by Univ. of Nebraska

 

Damage

  • Kill livestock, poultry; safety hazard to children

Sheep killed by coyoteDescription: Coyotes often kill at throat while feral dogs may also attack hindquarters. Dogs are more likely to mutilate middle and rear body parts while depredating upon sheep-sized prey while coyotes may attack neck. Dogs may more often attack face and nose. Feeding on carcass may leave ragged tissue and splintered bones.

Control Methods

Habitat Modification

  • Fencing
  • Enforcing leash laws

Repellents

  • Electronic or strobe light repellers;
  • Capsaicin and anise oil may repel attacks to humans

Shooting

  • Can be effective provided the area is safe for shooting.

Trapping

  • Collarum Trap can be very effective on domestic dogs. See picture below

stray dog caught by a collarum trap. Photo by Dave PurwinPhoto Credits: Dave Purwin photo, courtesy of Alan Huot

 

 

 

Toxicants

None registered

Dog (Feral) Information

Canis lupus familiaris--Univ. of Michigan Museum of Zoology

University Publications

 

News

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