Control and Management of Coyotes

(Canis latrans) Coyote (Canis latrans) eating prey. Photo by Ed Kellems.

Coyotes can cause a tremendous amount of damage through their predation on livestock, family pets, and even agriculture. Coyotes eat small livestock, poultry, watermelon and certain truck and field crops.

Photo Credits: Edward D. Kellems Coyotes as predators Description: Hemorrhaging in flesh of victim indicates its death by predation rather than by scavenging.


Biology of the Coyote

  Coyote pups playing. Photo by NebraskaLand MagazineCoyote pups at den site Photo Credits: NEBRASKALAND Magazine/Nebraska Game and Parks Comm. photo.

Coyote predation typically increases in the spring as the parents seek to feed their hungry young.


Coloration of the coyote can vary widely and so should not be used to identify a coyote without other corroborating evidence. Note the photos below.

The photo on the left shows a typical brown to tan colored coyote pelt. However, the photo on the right shows a black colored coyote.

 Coyote pelt. Photo by Dallas Virchow

coyote fur Description: can range from reds to grays and browns Photo Credits: Dallas Virchow black coyote-very rare. Photo by Ed Kellems.

Coyote-rare color Description: This black coyote is very rare as are albinos. But color commonly ranges across gray-brown-red. Photo Credits: Edward D. Kellems



Coyote Sign

 coyote footprint. Photo by NebraskaLand MagazineCoyotes leave dog-like prints

Photo Credits: NEBRASKALAND Magazine






Damage Caused by Coyotes

  • Attack pets, pets weighing less than 30 pounds are particularly at risk
  • Attack livestock, especially sheep
  • Eat watermelon
  • Human attacks, though rare, do occur. Taylor Mitchell was killed by a pack of coyotes in Nova Scotia, Canada in October of 2009.

Living with Coyotes

Safety & Disease

  • Coyotes can attack pets, small children and even adults.
  • Coyotes can carry mange, rabies and other diseases.

Coyote Control Methods

Habitat Modification

  • Wire mesh and/or electric fences
  • Change herding management
  • Pasture selection where coyote habitat is minimal
  • Carrion removal
  • Donkeys and llamas & guard dogs,
  • House young livestock; fall lambing or calving; synchronizing breeding of livestock; 

Frightening Devices

Frightening Agent Sirens and strobe lights such as the Electronic Guard, propane exploders and vehicles or human effigies may temporarily deter wary animals. well-placed lights, such as above sheep corrals 


  • None found effective


A wide variety of traps are available for the capture of coyotes. Unfortunately, many of the effective tools for captureing coyotes have been perceived to be inhumane by certain segments of society. We hope that the information provided by this web site will help the public adopt a more balanced and accurate understanding of these controversial tools.

  • Foot-hold traps,
  • Padded-jaw foothold traps
  • Snares,
  • Cable restraints, and
  • Cage traps.

cage trapped coyotes. Photo by Wes Patrick Cage trapping coyotes is extremely difficult. Catching two coyotes at the same time in a cage trap rises to the level of winning the PowerBall Lottery. Photo Credits: Wes Patrick



lures Photos by Dallas VirchowScents, baits, and other flavors and odors are used for most carnivores and for beaver. Photo Credits: Dallas Virchow





  • .223, 22-250, 25-06, and 245 caliber rifles, shotguns,
  • Calling coyotes with handheld or electronic devices,
  • hunting with dogs, aerial hunting,
  • Denning


Toxicants & Fumigants

  • M-44 (professionals use only)  

    M 44s used to control coyotes. Photo by Dallas Virchow

    Predator Control Device (M-44) Description: Used only by USDA agency personnel specifically for canines Photo Credits: Dallas Virchow

    These links are comprised of pages dedicated to providing more information on the biology and control of coyotes. Before initiating any coyote control measures be sure to check with appropriate federal and state agencies. Links to those agencies can be found in the navigation bar above.

  • Livestock Protection Collar;
  • Gas cartridges as burrow fumigants;


Coyote Damage Management Publications

Coyote Information Page--Kansas State Univ. Lots of info

Coyote Control in the Eastern U.S.--Michigan State University 

How to Call Coyotes--Kansas State University coyote control

Living with California Coyotes--California Fish & Game Dept. canis latrans

Predation by Coyotes & Other Predators to Livestock or Poultry--Virginia PolyTech 

Reducing Coyote Predation Through Sheep Management--University of Nevada PDF

Reduction of Coyote Predation on Louisiana Livestock--USDA Environmental Assessment PDF

Snares for Capturing Coyotes--Kansas State University Coyote damage control

Understanding the Coyote Understanding the Coyote--Kansas State University

Coyote-Florida's Newest Predator --University of Florida

Coyote Management-University of Kentucky


Coyotes in the News

April 10, 2007. Coyote Attacks Child. Asbury Park Press.

Nov 20, 2006. Boy fends off coyote. Edmonton Sun News.

Oct 22, 2006. MA coyotes like cats. Sentinel & Enterprise.

Oct 19, 2006. Coyote attack in CT.

April 27, 2006. Boys Nipped by Coyote.



Urban Coyote Management Workshop (Canis latrans)

The Intenet Center has run a variety of wildlife damage management workshops, including one on Urban Coyote Management Workshop (April 21, 2011). If you or your organization would like to have training, please contact us.



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