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National Wildlife Control Training Program vol. 1.

Armadillo Control

 Information, Supplemental

Scientific Name: Dasypus novemcinctus

Armadillo ID

Armadillo image. Photo by Nebraskaland Mag.Photo Credits: NEBRASKAland Magazine/Nebraska Game and Parks Commission Photo

 

 

 

Biology

  • Can contract leprosy

Sign

  • Armadillos dig 3-(7.5 cm) to 5-inch (12.5 cm) wide, shallow holes (2.5 to 7.6 cm) in lawns, gardens and flower beds.
  • Size of Front Feet 1 3/4 in X 1 5/8
  • Tracks are bird-like but with four toes on front and five on hind print. Tracks may be unclear in soft dry soil. Tail prints and drag marks of shell sometimes show.

Damage

  • Armadillos are normally pretty innocuous creatures until they begin digging up a person's prized lawn as they search for food.

Solutions

Habitat Modification

  • Try clearing away their brushy habitat.
  • Fencing to prevent access to property.
  • Soil insecticides to reduce their prey.

Repellents

  • None known
cage trap. Photo by Univ. of Florida

Trapping

Description: Cage traps come in all sizes for everything from squirrels and rabbits to opossum, raccoon, and fox.

  • Increase trapping efficiency by using short fences or other materials to guide armadillos into trap. Photo Credits: from U of Florida website.Armadillo cage trap with wings.
  • Professionals can capture armadillos by hand when the animals are active during the early morning and evening hours.
  • Cage traps, (raccoon sized), foot hold or body-grip traps (where legal).
  • Baits:  Some animal damage controllers have found success with mealy worms. However, researchers have not found a good bait yet which will effectively lure armadillos.  Location is critical. Read the section on trapping armadillos in the Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage for tips.

Armadillo in cage trap. Photo by Ed CarrowArmadillo in cage trap Description: armadillos can be easily caught within cage traps Photo Credits: Ed Carrow

 

 

 

 

Shooting

  • Where legal & safe, shooting is very effective.

Toxicants/Fumigants

  • Check state laws.

These links are comprised of pages dedicated to providing more information on the biology and control of armadillos. Before initiating any armadillo control measures be sure to check with appropriate federal and state agencies. Links to those agencies can be found in the navigation bar above. 

University Publications

Armadillo & Nutria--Louisiana State University

Armadillo Control--Alabama-Auburn Univ. 

Armadillos--Clemson University

Internet Resources

Armadillo Online-A site dedicated to all things related to armadillos.

Armadillos in the News

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