Armadillo Damage Identification

Characteristic signs of armadillos are holes, 1 to 3 inches deep and 3 to 5 inches wide, which are dug in search of food.  

Damage to Structures

Armadillos burrow under foundations, concrete slabs, driveways, pools, and other structures. 

Damage to Livestock and Pets

Armadillos occasionally eat eggs of poultry.  

Damage to Landscapes

Armadillos uproot flowers and other ornamental plants. Damage to turf can be extensive and it can be difficult to distinguish from damage by raccoons (Figure 4).

Figure 4. Damage to turf by armadillos.  
Photo by Ron Fry. 

Health and Safety Concerns

Armadillos can be infected with Mycobacterium leprae, the causative agent of leprosy. It is unclear how easily armadillos can transmit leprosy to humans. Armadillos can carry Trypanosoma cruzi, the parasite responsible for Chagas disease, though this infection is normally transmitted to humans through insect bites. Avoid touching armadillos with bare hands and avoid contact with their blood and fluids.