COYOTES (Canis latrans)

Jeffrey S. Green Fig. 1. Coyote, Canis latrans.
Assistant Regional Director
USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services
Lakewood, Colorado 80228

F. Robert Henderson
Extension Specialist
Animal Damage Control
Kansas State University
Manhattan, Kansas 66506-1600

Mark D. Collinge
State Director
USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services
Boise, Idaho 83705

Damage Prevention and Control Methods

Exclusion

Produce livestock in confinement.

Herd livestock into pens at night.

Exclusion fences (net-wire and/or electric), properly constructed and maintained, can aid significantly in reducing predation.  

Cultural Methods and Habitat Modification

Select pastures that have a lower incidence of predation to reduce exposure of livestock to predation.

Herding of livestock generally reduces predation due to human presence during the herding period.

Change lambin, kidding, and calving seasons.

Shed lambing, kidding, and calving usually reduce coyote predation.

Remove carrion to help limit coyote populations.

Frightening Agents and Repellents

Guarding dogs: Some dogs have significantly reduced coyote predation.

Donkeys and llamas: Some are aggressive toward canines and have reduced coyote predation.

Sonic and visual repellents: Strobe lights, sirens, propane cannons, and other shave reduced predation on both sheep and calves.

Chemical odor and taste repellents: None have shown sufficient effectiveness to be registered for use.

Toxicants

M-44 ejector devices for use with sodium cyanide-loaded plastic capsules. They are most effective during cold weather (fall to spring).

Livestock protection collars (LPC) containing Compound 1080 (sodium monofluoracetate) are registered for use only in certain states.

Fumigants

Gas cartridges are registered as a burrow (den) fumigant.

Trapping

Foothold traps (Nos. 3 and 4) are effective and are the most versatile control tool. 

Snares are effective where coyotes pass through or under net-wire fences and in trail sets.

Shooting

Shooting from the ground is effective.

Use rabbit distress calls or mimic howling or other coyote sounds to bring coytoes within shooting distance.

Aerial hunting is effective in removing coyotes where terrain, ground cover, vegetation, regulations, and landownership conditions permit.

Hunting with dogs is effective for trailing coyotes from kill sites, locating dens, running coyotes, and assisting with aerial hunting or calling.

Other Methods

Denning: Remove adult coyotes and/or their young from dens.  

Editors

Scott E. Hygnstrom; Robert M. Timm; Gary E. Larson

Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage 1994 Logo

PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF WILDLIFE DAMAGE 1994

Cooperative Extension Division Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Nebraska -Lincoln

United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Animal Damage Control

Great Plains Agricultural Council Wildlife Committee

 

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