Rex E. Marsh Fig.1. Red-headed woodpecker, Melanerpes erythrocephalus (left); downy woodpecker, Picoides pubescens (right).

Specialist in Vertebrate Ecology (retired) Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Conservation Biology University of California Davis, California 95616

Fig. 1. Red-headed woodpecker, Melanerpes erythrocephalus (left); downy woodpecker, Picoides pubescens (right).




Information used in this section draws upon the author’s personal experience and a variety of scientific and applied references and extension leaflets.

Figures 1 and 2 by Emily Oseas Routman.

Figure 3 from W. P. Gorenzel and T. P. Salmon (1982).

Figure 4 by Renee Lanik, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

For Additional Information

Carlton, R. L. 1976. Woodpeckers and houses. Coop. Ext. Serv., Univ. Georgia, College of Agric. Leaflet 239. 6 pp.

Craven, S. R. 1984. Woodpeckers: A serious suburban problem? Proc. Vertebr. Pest Conf. 11:204-210.

Dennis, J. V. 1967. Damage by golden-fronted and ladder-backed woodpeckers to fence and utility poles in South Texas. Wilson Bull. 79:75-88.

Evans, D., J. L. Byford, and R. H. Wainberg. 1984. A characterization of woodpecker damage to houses in East Tennessee. Proc. Eastern Wildl. Damage Control Conf. 1:325-330.

Gorenzel, W. P., and T. P. Salmon. 1982. The cliff swallow — biology and control. Proc. Vertebr. Pest Conf. 10:179-185.

Henderson, F. R., and C. Lee. 1992. Woodpeckers. Coop. Ext. Serv. Kansas State Univ., Manhattan. Leaflet L-866. 5 pp.

Jackson, J. A., and E. E. Hoover. 1975. A potentially harmful effect of suet on woodpeckers. Bird-Banding 46:131-134.

Linn, J. W. 1982. Woodpeckers. Pest Control 50(6):28, 30.

Marsh, R. E., and W. E. Howard. 1990. Vertebrate Pests. Pages 771-831 in A. Mallis, ed. Handbook of pest control 7th ed. Franzak and Foster Co., Cleveland, Ohio.

Stemmerman, L. A. 1988. Observation of woodpecker damage to electrical distribution line poles in Missouri. Proc. Vertebr. Pest Conf. 13:260-265.

US Fish and Wildlife Service. 1978. Controlling woodpeckers. US Dep. Inter., Fish Wildl. Serv. ADC 101. 4 pp.


Scott E. Hygnstrom; Robert M. Timm; Gary E. Larson

Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage Logo 1994


Cooperative Extension Division Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Nebraska -Lincoln

United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Animal Damage Control

Great Plains Agricultural Council Wildlife Committee

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