STARLINGS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Ron J. Johnson Fig.1. European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris)
Extension Wildlife Specialist
Department of Forestry, Fisheries and Wildlife
University of Nebraska
Lincoln, NE 68583-0819

James F. Glahn
Research Wildlife Biologist
Denver Wildlife Research Center
USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services
Mississippi Research Station
Mississippi State, Mississippi 39762-6099

Fig. 1. Starlings, Sturnus vulgaris

Acknowledgments

The references listed under “For Additional Information” and many others were used in preparing this chapter. Gratitude is extended to the authors and the many researchers and observers who contributed to this body of knowledge. We also thank M. Beck, J. Besser, R. Fritschen, D. Mott, A. Stickley, and R. Timm for comments on the first edition of this chapter, J. Andelt provided typing and technical assistance. We gratefully acknowledge M. Beck, R. Case, D. Mott, and A. Stickley for critical reviews of this second edition, and L. Germer, J. Gosey, and D. Reese for reviews of specific portions.

Figure 1 from US Fish and Wildlife Service (1974), “Controlling Starlings,” Bulletin AC 209, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, modified and adapted by Renee Lanik, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Figure 2 from Bystrak et al. (1974), used with permission. Figure copyrighted by the National Audubon Society, Inc. Adapted by David Thornhill. Map by J. W. Rosahn, based on the National Audubon Society’s annual Christmas Bird Count. Map reprinted by permission from “Wintering Areas of Bird Species Potentially Hazardous to Aircraft.” D. Bystrak et al. (1974), National Audubon Society, Inc.

Figure 3 photo by Ron J. Johnson.

Figures 4 and 7 by Renee Lanik based on drawings by Jon Eggers and a drawing from Salmon and Gorenzel’s chapter “Cliff Swallows” in this publication.

Figure 5 by Renee Lanik, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Figure 6 by Jill Sack Johnson.

Figures 8 and 9 by Renee Lanik, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Figure 10 from DeHaven and Guarino (1969), adapted by Jill Sack Johnson.

Figure 11 by Renee Lanik based on E. R. Kalmbach (1939), “The Crow in Its Relation to Agriculture,” US Dep. Agric. Farmer’s Bull. No. 1102, rev. ed., Washington, DC. 21 pp., and US Fish Wildl. Serv. (no date), “Trapping Starlings,” Bull. AC 210, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, Indiana.

For Additional Information

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Barnes, T. G. 1991. Eastern bluebirds, nesting structure design and placement. College of Agric. Ext. Publ. FOR-52, Univ. Kentucky, Lexington. 4 pp.

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Besser, J. F., W. C. Royall, Jr., and J. W. DeGrazio. 1967. Baiting starlings with DRC-1339 at a cattle feedlot. J. Wildl. Manage. 31:45-51.

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DeCino, T. J., D. J. Cunningham, and E. W. Schafer, Jr. 1966. Toxicity of DRC-1339 to starlings. J. Wildl. Manage. 30:249-253.

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Feare, C. J. 1980. The economics of starling damage. Pages 39-55 in E. N. Wright, I. R. Inglis, and C. J. Feare, eds. Bird problems in agriculture, British Crop Prot. Council, Croydon, UK. 210 pp.

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Editors

Scott E. Hygnstrom; Robert M. Timm; Gary E. Larson

Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage Logo 1994

PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF WILDLIFE DAMAGE — 1994

Cooperative Extension Division Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Nebraska -Lincoln

United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Animal Damage Control

Great Plains Agricultural Council Wildlife Committee

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