BLACKBIRDS and their Control

 

Richard A. Dolbeer
Project Leader
Denver Wildlife Research Center
USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services
Sandusky, Ohio 44870

For additional information on blackbird control click Blackbird Control

Fig. 1. The red-winged blackbird Fig. 1. The red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) is the most abundant bird in North America. The black male, with red and yellow shoulder patches, is about 40% larger than the female. The female resembles a large sparrow more than a blackbird.

redwinged blackbirds

Acknowledgments

Figures 1 through 3 by Emily Oseas Routman.

Figures 4, 5, and 6 by the author.

For Additional Information

Bent, A. C. 1965. Life histories of North American blackbirds, orioles, tanagers, and allies. Dover Publ., Inc., New York. 549 pp. and 37 plates.

Besser, J. F. 1978. Birds and sunflowers. Pages 263-278 in J. F. Carter, ed. Sunflower science and technology. Amer. Soc. Agron., Crop Sci. of Amer., Soil Sci. Soc. of Amer., Inc., Madison, Wisconsin.

Dolbeer, R. A. 1981. Cost-benefit determination of blackbird damage control for cornfields. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 9:43-50.

Dolbeer, R. A. 1990. Ornithology and integrated pest management: the red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus). Ibis 132:309-322.

Robbins, C. S., B. Bruun, and H. S. Zim. 1983. Birds of North America: a guide to field identification. Golden Press, New York. 360 pp.

White, S. B., R. A. Dolbeer, and T. A. Bookhout. 1985. Ecology, bioenergetics, and agricultural impact of a winter-roosting population of blackbirds and starlings. Wildl. Monogr. 93. 42 pp.

Wilson, E. A., E. A. LeBoeuf, K. M. Weaver, and

D. J. LeBlanc. 1989. Delayed seeding for reducing blackbird damage to sprouting rice in southwestern Louisiana. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 17:165-171.

Editors

Scott E. Hygnstrom; Robert M. Timm; Gary E. Larson

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